7 Best Android Frameworks and Companies use them

android frameworks
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Android frameworks allow developers to create mobile applications rooted in Java programming language – the widely-used coding language in the development world. Android is the most used mobile operating system in the world. It’s currently the best OS to build custom apps. These frameworks provide a range of features to help developers manage common tasks, such as handling user input and creating layouts for UI/UX design services. This article will explore how Android app frameworks work, and how to choose the best one for your app development journey.

What is Android Frameworks?

An Android app framework allows app developers to create a product that meets their needs. The framework is the foundation of an app and can be further developed with animations, graphics, special features, and functionality. Frameworks make app development easier and allow for easy modification and fixing of bugs. It is important to differentiate between SDK (Software Development Kit) & frameworks. SDK contains IoT software development tools, including frameworks.

Many of the features shared by different Android app development frameworks are common, but some have unique characteristics better suited for certain projects. Consider the requirements of your project when choosing an application framework.

How Android Frameworks Work?

  • User Interface (UI) Framework:

Android UI frameworks, such as XML and layouts, enable developers to design the app’s user interface. They define how elements like buttons, text fields, and images are arranged and interact with the user.

  • Application Framework:

The layer’s extensive capabilities encompass app lifecycle management, user input processing, and resource allocation. The Activity Manager, Content Providers, and Resource Manager are vital components of the Application Framework.

  • Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL):

Android supports various hardware devices and manufacturers. The HAL bridges the gap between the higher-level Android OS and the hardware, ensuring that Android apps run seamlessly on different devices.

  • Library Modules:

Android frameworks include numerous libraries for everyday tasks, such as networking, database access, and multimedia. These libraries streamline the development process and ensure consistency across apps.


What are the Attributes of an Android Framework?

  1. User Interface: Android frameworks offer a powerful user interface framework with APIs that enable developers to create custom and rich views, including animation and graphics capabilities.
  2. Data Storage: Most Android app frameworks provide data storage options such as SQLite, which allows developers to store information in database form on the device itself.
  3. Network Communication: Developers can leverage various network communication features, such as HTTP requests to communicate data between the app and external services or websites.
  4. Location Services: Many Android app frameworks offer location-based services like GPS and mapping support, providing developers with alternative ways of tracking users within an application.
  5. Test Automation: Testing automation is a feature offered by some Android frameworks that provide tools for developers to test code and find bugs.
  6. Security: Security is an important feature of Android frameworks, providing secure data transmission and encryption.
  7. Performance: Some Android frameworks allow developers to optimize the performance of applications, providing tools and techniques for reducing memory usage and improving responsiveness.
  8. Support: Depending on the Android framework, developers may be able to get access to documentation, tutorials, and support forums to help them with their development needs.
  9. Cross-Platform Compatibility: Many Android frameworks are compatible with multiple operating systems, enabling developers to create cross-platform applications.


The Best Android App Frameworks

1- JQuery Mobile Android Framework

jQuery Mobile is the perfect tool to impress your audience by creating captivating apps. jQuery Mobile is a cross-platform HTML5-based development framework that allows developers to create both mobile and web apps.

The Query Mobile framework elevates the concept of “write less, do much” to the next level. This means your code can be written once and executed on almost any platform, even Symbian, Blackberry, or Windows Phones. Anyone who wants to create mobile apps that are highly customized and responsive that work on all modern smartphones and tablets. jQuery Mobile is used by approximately 1146 companies, including Bukalapak and Qlik.

2- Flutter

Flutter is Google’s contribution to cross-platform application frameworks. The sky was the first version of Flutter and was intended to work on Android. Flutter was launched in 2017 and is one of the newest application development frameworks.

Flutter is the most used Android framework, according to research from 2021. After being ranked second after React Native in 2019, and 2020, Flutter has quickly risen to the top of the Android frameworks list. It is now the preferred Android framework for 42% (compared to 38% in 2020).

Flutter is a different app than React Native. It uses its own canvas to render app components, depending on manual app updates. Flutter can work for you, although it may be a disadvantage or an advantage.

Flutter renders 2D hybrid mobile apps on iOS and Android. It also has exceptional testing capabilities. Flutter uses a 2D rendering engine (Skia), which creates UI visuals according to Apple’s Cupertino widget design and Google’s Material Design. Flutter lets developers manage visuals in a highly detailed and precise manner. Your widgets/visuals will work well on all types and sizes of mobile devices.

Flutter can run Dart programs. Flutter is a client-optimized and object-oriented programming language that uses C-style syntax. Also, it works on all platforms. This language is used in Google Ads mobile app and other successful apps.

3- React Native

React Facebook was created natively in 2015 as an open-source and cross-platform framework. It is available for the development of apps for iOS, Android, and UWP. React Native allows developers to create mobile apps with JavaScript and React. It also has native Android app development capabilities. TATEEDA Global’s top pick for Android app development is this framework. Discord and Airbnb are two examples of React Native’s best apps.

React Native’s key feature is its ability to allow developers to create user interfaces using the system’s native blocks supported by Reacts unique type of JavaScript. React Native apps look native because they use native Android blocks.

This framework doesn’t require you to modify or redesign the native Android components that are used in your applications. Instead, they automatically update with the system’s general changes. This framework allows you to keep many apps in great shape without requiring additional work from app developers.

4- Ionic

Ionic, an MIT-certified open-source app development platform, uses a mix of HTML5 + CSS3+ JavaScript to enable cross-platform development. It is capable of creating interactive hybrid app’s as well as Progressive Web Applications (PWAs).

Ionic features Intuitive UI components and faster development time make it a reliable and powerful development framework. It offers many cross-platform functionalities and a variety of software tools that greatly facilitate the development of Android mobile application’s. Most of the code is written in the browser, except for native mobile divide functionality, which you will need to debug and test using a handheld device.

Ionic was founded in 2012 and is a popular cross-platform development platform. It is a free and open-source framework that MIT has certified and allows developers to use the latest web technologies, including HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript.

The ionic framework was specifically designed to allow developers to create interactive and hybrid mobile apps. An Ionic app structure is easy to understand if you’re familiar with web development. The rich and comprehensive set of elements, gestures, and animations in Ionic allows you to create high-quality mobile and desktop apps using a single codebase.

 5- Native Android Framework

The native Android development platform, like many others we’ve already mentioned, is also a star among the most widely used mobile development platforms. Developers have access to API libraries and tools that allow them to create, test and debug amazing Android platform apps.

Native code developers will have the ability to access native libraries from their native code. Native Android Game SDK gives game developers a huge reach, with over 2.5 billion Android Platform users.

6- Xamarin

Xamarin was founded in 2011 and is now owned by Microsoft. It has been around for almost a decade and is one of the most popular application development frameworks. Developers have access to libraries and tools designed explicitly for creating Android, iOS, and macOS apps.

Visual Studio IDE includes Xamarin, which allows cross-platform application development in C#. The codebase on each platform is approximately 75% identical.

This quality has led to many companies from solid industries, such as healthcare, choosing Xamarin for their mobile development projects. Xamarin can be used as a free, open-source framework. However, large-scale commercial software development requires a Microsoft Visual Studio IDE license. This comes with high additional costs.

7- Apache Cordova

Apache Cordova, formerly PhoneGap, is an open-source Android app framework. It allows hybrid app development in many web-development languages and technologies like HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript. It allows you to build multi-platform apps using a single code base. Appellatory Titanium.

A Cordova-assembled app functions technically like WebView. It runs an app in the native containers. Cordova bridges web and mobile application development. This framework supports multiple platforms, including Android, iOS, and Windows. It also supports OS X, Ubuntu, OS X, and Blackberry 10.

How to Choose the Best Android App Framework:

  1. Project Requirements: Start by analyzing the specific requirements of your project. Consider factors like app complexity, performance demands, and the need for cross-platform compatibility.
  2. Developer Skillset: Assess your team’s skills and experience. If your developers are proficient in a particular framework or programming language, sticking with what they know might make sense.
  3. Community and Support: Check the android app frameworks community and support. A vibrant community can provide valuable resources, plugins, and solutions to common issues.
  4. Performance: Evaluate the performance characteristics of the framework. Consider how it handles animations, UI rendering, and responsiveness.
  5. Scalability: Think about the future. Will your app need to scale to accommodate more users or features? Choose a framework that can grow with your project.
  6. Cost: Consider the total cost of ownership, including licensing fees, development time, and maintenance. Some frameworks are open-source, while others may have associated costs.



Building apps on Android requires leveraging the power of frameworks. With a robust array of instruments and resources, developers can now craft cutting-edge applications that exude performance and functionality. Android app frameworks selection hinges on project requirements, team skills, community support, and scalability concerns. With a thoughtful decision, you can clearly navigate the Android app development landscape and create applications that excel in the competitive mobile environment.


Is there any framework for Android?

To reveal the functionality of some of the native libraries to applications, the Android platform provides Java framework APIs.

Is Kotlin a framework?

Kotlin is 100% compatible with the JVM so you can use existing frameworks such as Spring Boot, vert. x or JSF. In addition, specific frameworks are written in Kotlin, such as Ktor.

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