The Grid System: Importance of a Solid UX/UI Layout

grid system ux
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Grid systems are an invaluable design resource for web designers, having been used since ancient times. They create order and stability in designs and can be adapted to various screen sizes and devices. When using a grid system UX, there are several different types to consider, such as flexbox grids, column-based grids, and even custom-made grid solutions. A well-executed grid helps keep UI/UX design services orderly and coherent across multiple platforms.

What Are Grid Systems in Design?

Grids are essential tools for defining layouts in design. In print media, designers often use grids to organize and display material. Grids are also an integral element of user interface (UI) and user experience (UX) design. Web pages, mobile apps and other digital interfaces all use grid systems as the basic structure for their designs.

Grids are an invaluable asset when it comes to designing, as they can provide enhanced readability, helpful information architecture, and a framework for responsive design. This consequently leads to a better user experience overall.

The Story Behind the Grid

Designers can use grid system UX to create an organized look. This is a popular approach that was initially used in print design and is now becoming increasingly commonplace in interactive design. Not only does it make the process simpler, but grids can also help designers craft a consistent experience on multiple devices with diverse screen sizes. Ultimately, this makes for happy users who are able to find what they’re looking for quickly and easily.

The grid system is a powerful tool with benefits for both designers and users alike. By organizing page elements into columns and rows, we can create a reliable, consistent structure within the design. For example, this column-based system makes it easier to locate text, images, and functions in the same place every time. This concept also applies to maps; each landmark appears in an exact spot based on its coordinates. Without these organized grids, our GPS systems would be chaotic!

Designers use the grid system UX to organize content on both physical and virtual pages. It is especially useful when designing for the web, as different browsers handle information in various ways and screens vary in size. However, creating a grid system UX for the virtual page requires some extra effort to ensure that elements are arranged properly. Though more complex than layout for printing purposes, simplifying design with grids remains key in both digital and print media.

Though grid systems have their critics, they can be an effective way to organize information and maximize readability. Balance is the key; without sacrificing creativity entirely, designers can still use grids to make content easier to consume. By utilizing mathematics and precision, grids can create minimalistic layouts that draw little attention away from the main focus – the content.

Why Are Grid Systems UX Important?

1- it will help you to Collaborate with other designers

Grids can be a powerful tool when it comes to collaborating with other designers. A grid gives an underlying structure to your design and helps guide elements into their proper positions. This helps ensure that if someone else jumps in and takes over, they will know what kind of structure you had planned for the design and where various elements should go. Utilizing grids in this way can make the process much smoother and reduce miscommunication between designers.

2- it will Make Your Job Quicker

Designers are often looking for ways to optimize their workflow and improve efficiency. Grids can provide an invaluable aid to the design process, helping designers produce better quality work in less time. Grids act a as guides—directing users on where is best to place, position, and scale elements–rather than randomly moving components around until a satisfactory composition appears. In this way, grids serve as valuable resources that help create aesthetically pleasing results quickly and efficiently.

3- It will Keep Your Content Organized

Grid systems are a great way to ensure your page design remains clean and clear. Grids promote alignment, which is critical for creating orderly and organized layouts. By setting up a consistent grid system UX, elements on the page can be positioned in logical locations while also providing symmetry and structure.

4- it will help you to Balance Your Design

Grids are a great tool to create even and consistent layout. They divide designs into columns that make it easier to judge which side is more densely populated. Employing grids allows designers to create harmonious shapes and proportions.

5- Grids can encourage white space

White space plays a vital role in modern web design by providing visual separation between different elements. By leaving empty spaces between graphics, you can give each element its own focal point, creating a pleasing viewing experience. A grid layout is an effective way of achieving this look. Divide your page into columns and rows, then place necessary elements; leave the rest to fill in with white space for optimal results. For an example that uses an abundance of white space, take a look at the Apple landing page – there are empty segments within the outermost grid layout that help to create this effect.

6- It will help you to create Pleasing Designs

Using grids can often provide designers—as well as artists, photographers, and more—with a way to create aesthetically pleasing designs. One popular technique is the rule of thirds, which involves dividing the canvas into equally sized vertical and horizontal lines. Where these lines cross are deemed focal points for design elements; hence making for a mathematically satisfying composition.

Why do we use a layout grid?

Layout grids are beneficial for creating a logical and visually pleasing structure to display content. It enables designers to arrange elements more effectively and make them easier to read. Additionally, grids can provide balance in designs by allowing elements to be consistently spaced out. Ultimately, grid systems result in more organized designs and improved user experiences.

Some of the benefits of using layout grids include:

  • Consistency
  • Efficiency
  • Flexibility
  • Visual hierarchy
  • Balance: 
  • Professionalism


How to create a layout grid?

To create a layout grid, follow these steps:

  1. Determine the size of your grid

Careful consideration must be given to your grid size and how it relates to the dimensions of your design. For web design specifically, a 12-column grid composed of 60-pixel columns is often utilized. This creates a structure that can accommodate most website layouts and allows for seamless scaling of respective elements.

  1. Choose your spacing

It is important to decide on an optimal spacing between columns and rows. The size of your design should be taken into consideration, as well as the amount of white space desired. With the proper balancing, a refined and aesthetically pleasing product can be achieved.

  1. Create guideline

Set up a grid by adhering to certain guidelines. Within Adobe Photoshop or Illustrator, view the “New Guide” option under “View.” This will allow you to add each guide in its designated position. Carry out this process until all your guides have been set up.

  1. Add gutters

When working with multi-column layouts, it is important to add visual separation between columns by adding gutters. This will help distinguish between each of the columns and make the design easier to read.

  1. Test your grid

Verify that the grid is properly functioning by placing elements inside it and ensuring that they align with the predetermined specifications.

  1. Save as a template:

For a more efficient design process, create a layout grid that you can save as a template to use in the future. This will ensure consistency across your designs and keep you from having to recreate layouts from scratch every time.

  1. Adjust as needed

It’s important to keep in mind that grids can be adjusted according to the individual needs of each design project. Grids are versatile and should be implemented with care and expertise.

Task Analysis UX Design: Uncovering User Needs

A crucial step in the UX design process, task analysis entails understanding user interactions to achieve specific objectives. A simple technique that involves dividing intricate tasks into more understandable steps grants designers the acquisition of key insight into consumer conduct, wants, and challenges. Here’s how task analysis UX design contributes to be effective:

User-Centered Design: User-centric design reigns supreme, with task analysis as its foundation. Using user behavior insights, designers create interfaces perfectly suited to each person’s needs.

Identifying Pain Points: Dissecting tasks into smaller parts helps designers locate pain points along the user path. Equipped with this understanding, they are empowered to eliminate impediments and optimize the user experience.

Streamlined Workflows: Task analysis leads to more efficient and natural workflows. Optimizing the order of tasks leads to a more seamless experience, minimizing cognitive burden and improving usability.

Enhancing Efficiency: Task evaluation yields efficient outcome possibilities with designers’ help. Faster execution, easier workflows, or a user-friendly design could be the aim.

Continuous Improvement: In UX design, an iterative process reigns supreme. Not exclusively in the initial design phase, task analysis forms the basis for continuous enhancements. Regularly examining user activities, designers cultivate adaptive interfaces tailored to evolving user requirements.

How to choose and set up your grid?

1- Know your needs.

It’s important to select the ideal grid for your project. You should take into consideration what kind of grid would best serve your purpose — column, modular, or hierarchical — before deciding. Depending on how one item needs to be emphasized more than others in a page, a hierarchical grid may be the right choice, such as for online news platforms. If the content you need to display is highly variable, you might be better off using either a basic column or modular grid since these give greater design flexibility — the elements and content can span multiple columns or modules or just one, as needed.

2- Work on it carefully.

When creating a grid, it’s important to factor in your screen size. A 12-column grid works well for most laptop or desktop designs; however, you’ll need to consider that the number of columns will decrease as the device size decreases. Before you start designing, take time in to set up your grid according to different device sizes. There are plenty of wireframing tools such as Sketch and Figma available for quick and easy setup and editing. So set aside the time to get your grids in order, and your design process will go much more smoothly.

Common types of grids

  • Modular grid

The modular grid system UX is an organized structure comprised of columns and rows intersecting to form modules. This layout provides the foundation for fine-tuned, consistent designs with precise measurements.

  • Column grid

The column grid system is a standard framework used to arrange elements on a template. It consists of an ordered set of rectangular modules which are placed in designated areas on the page.

  • Manuscript grid

Manuscript, or ‘block’, grids are a common form of the grid used in print media. This type of grid is composed of a single, rectangular grid which may be divided into more than one area. This kind of layout offers a great opportunity to organize text and illustrations in a visually appealing manner.

  • Hierarchical grid

The hierarchical grid system is a groundbreaking design with its use of irregularly placed grids. The modules are not set according to equal spacing or columns and rows, providing greater flexibility and diversity. This bold step towards modern design has been highly influential in the graphic design industry.

Grid systems UX best practices

1- Use white space

White space plays a critical role in design, providing breathing room and scalability. It enables you to prioritize and structure content in an effective way. In terms of quantifying white space, the material design method (which is considered the industry gold standard) relies on an 8x8pt grid for calculating it.

2- Design mobile apps

Properly designing the layout of a mobile app is an essential step in providing an optimal user experience. Responsive design ensures that the app can meet the needs and preferences of customers across different platform sizes. UX designers must practice design empathy to create an effective layout. For example, they should consider how the app appears and functions both in landscape and portrait orientations. Additionally, using grids when creating the mobile app will help ensure that elements are appropriately arranged at all dimensions.

3- Choose the correct amount of columns

User experiences should not be built with a one-size-fits-all approach. For this reason, when choosing a grid system to help optimize your content, feel free to modify the industry standard twelve-column grid to best suit your needs. To ensure a consistent and organized layout, though, keep the same gutter width across all columns.

4- Honor the golden ratio

Accurately calculated with a balance of scale, layout and length, the micro design formula offers practical guidance for optimizing the size and length of your columns. It’s a “golden” method that can quickly give you the results you’re looking for: The golden ratio, also known as Phi (φ), is a numerical pattern that is often used in the construction of elements and designs. In terms of length and width, it states that width should be equivalent to 1.6180 times the length.

Some examples of using layout grid

  1. Designing a website

A layout grid is an essential tool in website design. Placing elements such as text, images, and buttons on the grid helps create a consistent and organized appearance that’s easier to navigate

  1. Creating a magazine layout

A layout grid is a useful tool for creating a polished, magazine-style design. The grid can be used to arrange the content into columns, producing an aesthetic and reader-friendly look.

  1. Designing a brochure

A layout grid is a key tool for creating an effective brochure design. It enables both the structure and aesthetics of the page to be organized easily. Such grid can break the content into sections and allow readers to effectively identify essential information.

  1. Creating a poster

A layout grid can be a very useful asset when creating attractive poster designs. The symmetrical and balanced placement of text, images and other elements provides a neatly organized structure that is both appealing and easy to read.’

  1. Designing a book cover

Designing the perfect book cover can be achieved by organizing the information into a layout grid. This helps with balancing text, making sure elements are easily legible, and ultimately crafting an attractive cover.


Creating an inviting landing page can be tricky – using a grid system UX helps you simplify the process. There are four types of grids that can be utilized for best results: Block, Multicolumn, Modular, and Baseline. Using these structures to establish a visual hierarchy will help ensure that your content stands out and drives conversions. Employing grid layouts is a powerful technique and should be handled with care.

Developing a grid-based workflow can improve design quality and productivity. Grid layout adheres to principles such as balance, visual hierarchy, and white space. As people access websites from various devices, developers need to be mindful that each one possesses its own standard in terms of grid size ratio. Sketching out the ideal page layout first is recommended before using columns and rows to make your designs more aesthetically appealing. Consider incorporating grids into your workflow for increased effectiveness.


Why is the grid important in UI design?

Grids help designers to create cohesive layouts, letting end users scan and use interfaces efficiently. An acceptable grid adapts to different screen sizes and orientations, providing platform consistency.

How do you use grids in UX design?

The more additional columns you have in your web design, the more flexible the grid will be. The designer determines the width of the columns. The traditional practice uses 12 columns on the PC-side web pages, eight on the Pads, and four on the mobile devices. Column width is generally 60~80px.

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