Why you are the message every time you speak in a presentation?
Because the way you present your message can make or break your presentation. Your words, tone of voice, and body language will all have an impact on how well your audience receives and understands your message. Therefore, you should take the time to think carefully about what you want to communicate and how best to communicate it to ensure that your audience takes away the key points from your presentation. Additionally, a good presenter should be able to maintain eye contact with their audience and use vocal variety to keep them engaged throughout the presentation. By speaking confidently and authentically, you can present a powerful message that resonates with your audience. Ultimately, when delivering a speech or presentation it is important to remember that you are the messenger for whatever topic or idea you are presenting. By carefully crafting and delivering your message, you can ensure that it is received and positively understood by the audience.
The audience is interested in you
The audience (the beneficiary) should find you as engaging as the content of your speech. You’re naturally a performer, which I discuss in my book Speak for Leadership. This means that you don’t need to try to do everything to be truly interesting.
Take a page from the Acting Script. You should believe what you are saying, just like an actor. If you don’t believe it, then why are you there? It will feel as real to listeners if you make your performances without any visible “seems”.
This is because you can express yourself naturally and openly when you believe in what you are saying. Vocal choices, gestures, and facial expressions all speak to your topic. If you are enjoying what you do, it is easier to control the pace and communicate with listeners. This is starting to sound like a stage presence.
The best outcome is when we accept your performance as it is. A speech is not about you, just as acting isn’t about the actor. It’s about what you say, filtered through and expressed by you.
Accepting the paradox that you cannot give a great performance is a way to serve the truth of your message. You can be an exceptional speaker if you are willing to share that with your audience.
Dialogic theory of public speaking
Public speaking is often viewed as a monologue in which the speaker speaks and the audience listens passively. Ronald Arnett and Pat Arneson, based on the work of many philosophers, suggested that communication could be seen as a dialog.
Dialogue vs. Monologue
Dialogic communication is based on the principle that communication should be dialogic and not monologue. Lev Yakubinsky claimed that public speaking situations can often become dialogs when the audience engages speakers and asks questions. Nonverbal behavior can be used as feedback and contributes to dialogue, according to Yakubinsky. If you view your public speaking experience in dialogue you will be more engaged as a speaker, and your audience will respond accordingly. This will lead to a more engaged audience.
Meanings are in people, not words
Dialogic communication in public speaking involves realizing that your audience and you may have different views of your speech. Edith Slembeck (1986), and Hellmut Geissner (1986) talked about Geissner’s notion of responsibility. This is the idea that people must agree on the meanings of words when they interact with one another. We must make sure that our messages are understood by our audience and that we use feedback from them to decide if the message we intended is being received. We must be able to communicate our intended meaning effectively by knowing a lot about our audience to make the best language choices for the situation. We cannot predict the meaning of words for all people, but we know that using teenage slang in senior centers would likely hinder our ability to communicate our message.
Communication’s physical dimension refers to the actual or tangible environment in which communication takes place. You might find yourself speaking in a classroom or a corporate boardroom. Your ability to interact with your audience will be affected by the environment you choose. For larger spaces, you may need to use a speaker system and microphone to communicate your message or use projection aids to show visual material.
Joseph DeVito says that the temporal dimension is not just about the moment and time in history, but also how a message fits into the sequence. How alert an audience is can be affected by the time of day. We don’t think so. You can give a speech to a class at 12:30 p.m. when everyone has not had lunch. It is amazing to see how impatient the audience becomes once hunger sets in.
We often have to consider the temporal dimension of how our speech will be seen in the light of social events. Imagine what a speech about campus security would look like if it was given the day after a shooting. This is compared to the interpretation of the speech that was given at a time when there had been no shootings on campus for many years.
The temporal dimension also considers how the message fits in with the events immediately preceding it. If another speaker just gave a serious speech about death and dying, and you decide to talk about something less serious, people might downplay your message, as it is not in line with the tone of the previous speech. It is not a good idea to be a comedian who must follow an emotional speech that made people cry. You will not know what the speaker will be speaking about, so it is best to prepare for that. It is important to be sensitive to the topics of others and to be able to adapt your message to suit the circumstances.
The context’s social-psychological dimension refers to the “status relationships between participants, the roles and games people play, the norms of the society/group, as well as the friendliness and formality of the situation. It is important to understand the personalities of your audience and their reactions to different messages.
Joseph DeVito also mentions the cultural dimension as a final context dimension. Interactions with people from different cultures can lead to misunderstandings. Public speakers must try to understand our audience’s cultural makeup so we can avoid misunderstandings.
Every aspect of who you are as a person comes out when you communicate with others. Your appearance, your voice, your beliefs, and your life experiences are all signals that you are a unique person. Your facial expressions, body language, vocal pitch, and other signals are all powerful and crucial in convincing others.
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